Hazard Testing and Decomposition of Nuclear Wastes

Open Access

Year : 2023 | Volume :7 | Issue : 2 | Page : 8-12
By

    Manoj Kumar

  1. Student, Vivekanand Degree College Chandpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Abstract

Nuclear garbage disposal is simple and may be done practically any place in a safe manner. Used fuel is typically stored for at least five years under water and subsequently in dry storage. The best solution for eventual disposal of the most radioactive waste produced is deep geological disposal, according to most experts. Industries such as mining, nuclear power generating, defence, medicine, and certain forms of scientific research produce radioactive waste. Nuclear Wastes waste can be generated by activities that create or use radioactive materials. Nuclear Wastes is dangerous because it emits radioactive particles, which can endanger human health and the environment if not adequately controlled. Nuclear bombs generated a significant amount of trash, which is still being managed today. The amounts of plutonium in the environment are extremely low, posing no risk among most humans. The elements plutonium and uranium were utilised to make nuclear weapons fuel. As nuclear weapons are exploded, atoms break and a nuclear reaction occurs, releasing massive amounts of energy. The United States established special reactors to produce around 100 metric tonnes of plutonium for nuclear bombs between 1944 and 1988. The highly radioactive plutonium was generated by hitting uranium fuel rods with neutrons in the reactors. More neutrons were emitted each time a uranium atom converted to a plutonium atom, triggering a chain reaction. The chain reaction continued until the majority of the uranium atoms were transformed to plutonium, at which point the chain reaction came to a stop. The fuel rods were said to be spent at this time and were evacuated from the nuclear power plant.

Keywords: Nuclear wastes, low level waste, storage, hazard of radioactive energy

[This article belongs to International Journal of Energetic Materials(ijem)]

How to cite this article: Manoj Kumar Hazard Testing and Decomposition of Nuclear Wastes ijem 2023; 7:8-12
How to cite this URL: Manoj Kumar Hazard Testing and Decomposition of Nuclear Wastes ijem 2023 {cited 2023 Jan 26};7:8-12. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijem/article=2023/view=91457

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Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 7
Issue 2
Received October 10, 2021
Accepted October 26, 2021
Published January 26, 2023