Coronary Vascular Disease: A General Review wsr to Aetiology

Year : 2024 | Volume :02 | Issue : 01 | Page : 36-42

Gyanendra Gupta

Gagan Devi


Cardiovascular disease (CVD), the foremost cause of mortality worldwide, has surged by 60% globally, reaching 20.5 million deaths in 2021 from 12.1 million in 1990, as per the latest report from the World Health Federation. While this increase is alarming on a global scale, it raises even greater concerns in countries like India where heart ailments are afflicting individuals at a younger age. The escalation of CVD among the younger population in this region is particularly worrisome. The predisposing factors contributing to this trend are multifaceted. Diabetes, obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption stand out as significant risk factors that contribute to the early onset of heart diseases. These lifestyle choices and health conditions not only exacerbate the likelihood of developing cardiovascular issues but also compound their severity. Addressing this pressing issue demands a multifaceted approach. Central to this effort is the imperative to enhance awareness among the general population regarding the underlying causes of CVD. Educating individuals about the etiology of cardiovascular diseases is paramount to empowering them to make informed decisions about their lifestyles and health behaviors. Through targeted educational initiatives, public health campaigns, and community outreach programs, it is possible to foster a culture of proactive cardiovascular health management. By equipping individuals with the knowledge and resources necessary to mitigate risk factors and adopt healthier lifestyles, we can strive towards stemming the tide of premature CVD-related deaths and fostering a healthier future for generations to come.

Keywords: Cardiovascular disease, World Health Federation, Diabetes, Obesity and Aetiology

[This article belongs to International Journal of Biomedical Innovations and Engineering(ijbie)]

How to cite this article: Gyanendra Gupta, Gagan Devi. Coronary Vascular Disease: A General Review wsr to Aetiology. International Journal of Biomedical Innovations and Engineering. 2024; 02(01):36-42.
How to cite this URL: Gyanendra Gupta, Gagan Devi. Coronary Vascular Disease: A General Review wsr to Aetiology. International Journal of Biomedical Innovations and Engineering. 2024; 02(01):36-42. Available from:


  1. American Heart Association (2009). Heart disease and stroke statistics 2010 update: A report from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 121, e46-e215. Doi 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.
  2. Barr, D., Reilly, T., & Gregson, W. (2011). The impact of different cooling modalities on the physiological responses in fire-fighters during strenuous work performed in high environmental temperatures. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 111(6), 959–967.
  3. Barreto, S. M., Miranda, J. J., Figueroa, J. P., Schmidt, M. I., Munoz, S., Kuri-Morales, P. P., & Silva, J. B. (2012). Epidemiology in Latin America and the Caribbean: current situation and challenges. International Journal of Epidemiology, 41(2), 557–571.
  4. Capewell, S., Morrison, C. E., & McMurray, J. J. (1995). Contribution of modern cardiovascular treatment and risk factor changes to the decline in coronary heart disease mortality in Scotland between 1975 and 1994. Heart, 81(4), 380–386.
  5. Dalton, M., Cameron, A. J., Zimmet, P. Z., Shaw, J. E., Jolley, D., Dunstan, D. W., & Welborn, T. A. (2003). Waist circumference, waist–hip ratio and body mass index and their correlation with cardiovascular disease risk factors in Australian adults. Journal of Internal Medicine, 254(6),
  6. Franklin, B. A. and Cushman, M. (2011). Recent advances in preventive cardiology and lifestyle medicine: A themed series. Circulation, 123, 2274–2283.
  7. Flegal, K. M., Carroll, M. D., Ogden, C. L., & Curtin, L. R. (2010). Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999-2008. Jama, 303(3), 235–241.
  8. Gaziano, J. M., Hennekens, C. H., O’Donnell, C. J., Breslow, J. L. and Buring, J. E. (1997). Fasting triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein, and risk of myocardial infarction. Circulation, 96,
  9. Kumada, M., Kihara, S., Sumitsuji, S., Kawamoto, T., Matsumoto, S., Ouchi, N., & Nakamura, T. (2003). Association of hypoadiponectinemia with coronary artery disease in men. Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology, 23(1), 85–89.
  10. Prabhakaran, D., & Yusuf, S. (2010). Cardiovascular disease in India: lessons learnt & challenges ahead. Indian journal of medical research, 132(5), 529.

Regular Issue Subscription Review Article
Volume 02
Issue 01
Received February 1, 2024
Accepted February 5, 2024
Published March 1, 2024