A Review on Biodiesel Production

Open Access

Year : 2021 | Volume : | Issue : 1 | Page : 26-39
By

    Jiten Yadav

  1. Omprakash Sahu

  1. Research Scholar, , Chandigarh Universit, Punjab, India
  2. Professor, Chandigarh University, Punjab, India

Abstract

Energy is the most important component to derive the nation. Among them, the oil sector has a major contribution in economic flocculation. Since with economical growth, pollution level also increases with same rate. Some alternative options have been recommended to minimise the contamination, among them biodiesel. Biodiesel is considered as a green fuel and capable of reducing greenhouse gasses. The aim review is to recapitulate all about the biodiesel feedstocks, types of catalyst employed; process parameters and future development are around the world.

Keywords: Acid catalyst; Biofuels; Homogenous; Transesterification; Waste material

[This article belongs to International Journal of Analytical and Applied Chemistry(ijaac)]

How to cite this article: Jiten Yadav, Omprakash Sahu A Review on Biodiesel Production ijaac 2021; 7:26-39
How to cite this URL: Jiten Yadav, Omprakash Sahu A Review on Biodiesel Production ijaac 2021 {cited 2021 Sep 04};7:26-39. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijaac/article=2021/view=97178

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures

References

1. Van Vuuren, D. P., Stehfest, E., Gernaat, D. E., Doelman, J. C., Van den Berg, M., Harmsen, M., … & Tabeau, A. Energy, land-use and greenhouse gas emissions trajectories under a green growth paradigm. Global Environmental Change.2017; 42: 237-250.
2. Wan, L., Liu, H., & Skala, D. Biodiesel production from soybean oil in subcritical methanol using MnCO3/ZnO as catalyst. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental2014; 152:352-359.
3. Jamil, M., Ahmad, F., & Jeon, Y. J. . Renewable energy technologies adopted by the UAE: Prospects and challenges–A comprehensive overview. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.2016; 55: 1181-1194.
4. Leung, D. Y., Wu, X., & Leung, M. K. H. . A review on biodiesel production using catalyzed transesterification. Applied energy2010; 87(4): 1083-1095.
5. Lee, A. F., Bennett, J. A., Manayil, J. C., & Wilson, K. . Heterogeneous catalysis for sustainable biodiesel production via esterification and transesterification. Chemical Society Reviews.2014;43(22): 7887-7916.
6. Sharma, Y. C., & Singh, V. . Microalgal biodiesel: a possible solution for India’s energy security. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.2017;67: 72-88.
7. Tulip, D. R. E., & Radha, K.. Production of biodiesel from mustard oil its performance and emission characterization on internal combustion engine. Adv Eng Appl Sci.2013;3(3): 37-42.
8. Saydut, A., Duz, M. Z., Kaya, C., Kafadar, A. B., & Hamamci, C. . Transesterified sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) seed oil as a biodiesel fuel. Bioresource Technology.2008; 99(14): 6656- 6660.
9. Nakpong, P., & Wootthikanokkhan, S. High free fatty acid coconut oil as a potential feedstock for biodiesel production in Thailand. Renewable Energy.2010;35(8):1682-1687.
10. Moser, B. R. Preparation of fatty acid methyl esters from hazelnut, high-oleic peanut and walnut oils and evaluation as biodiesel. Fuel.2012; 92(1): 231-238.
11. Kaya, C., Hamamci, C., Baysal, A., Akba, O., Erdogan, S., & Saydut, A. Methyl ester of peanut (Arachis hypogea L.) seed oil as a potential feedstock for biodiesel production. Renewable Energy.2009; 34(5): 1257-1260.
12. Dizge, N., & Keskinler, B. . Enzymatic production of biodiesel from canola oil using immobilized lipase. Biomass and Bioenergy.2008; 32(12): 1274-1278.
13. Shan, R., Chen, G., Yan, B., Shi, J., & Liu, C. . Porous CaO-based catalyst derived from PSSinduced mineralization for biodiesel production enhancement. Energy Conversion and Management.2015; 106:405-413.
14. Hums, M. E., Cairncross, R. A., & Spatari, S. Life-cycle assessment of biodiesel produced from grease trap waste. Environmental science & technology.2016; 50(5): 2718-2726.
15. Su, F., & Guo, Y. . Advancements in solid acid catalysts for biodiesel production. Green Chemistry.2014; 16(6): 2934-2957.
16. Mardhiah, H. H., Ong, H. C., Masjuki, H. H., Lim, S., & Lee, H. V. . A review on latest developments and future prospects of heterogeneous catalyst in biodiesel production from nonedible oils. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews.2017; 67: 1225-1236.
17. Anwar, A., & Garforth, A. . Challenges and opportunities of enhancing cold flow properties of biodiesel via heterogeneous catalysis. Fuel.2016;173: 189-208.
18. Semwal, S., Arora, A. K., Badoni, R. P., & Tuli, D. K. . Biodiesel production using heterogeneous catalysts. Bioresource technology.2011; 102(3): 2151-2161.
19. Lu, Y., Zhang, Z., Xu, Y., Liu, Q., & Qian, G. . CaFeAl mixed oxide derived heterogeneous catalysts for transesterification of soybean oil to biodiesel. Bioresource technology.2015; 190: 438- 441.
20. Marinković, D. M., Stanković, M. V., Veličković, A. V., Avramović, J. M., Miladinović, M. R., Stamenković, O. O., … & Jovanović, D. M. . Calcium oxide as a promising heterogeneous catalyst for biodiesel production: Current state and perspectives. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.2016; 56:1387-1408.
21. Amani, H., Ahmad, Z., & Hameed, B. H. . Highly active alumina-supported Cs–Zr mixed oxide catalysts for low-temperature transesterification of waste cooking oil. Applied Catalysis A: General.2014: 487: 16-25.
22. Paterson, G., Issariyakul, T., Baroi, C., Bassi, A., & Dalai, A. . Ion-exchange resins as catalysts in transesterification of triolein. Catalysis today.2013;212: 157-163.
23. Boro, J., Deka, D., & Thakur, A. J. . A review on solid oxide derived from waste shells as catalyst for biodiesel production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.2012; 16(1): 904-910.
24. Kouzu, M., & Hidaka, J. S. . Transesterification of vegetable oil into biodiesel catalyzed by CaO: a review. Fuel.2012; 93: 1-12.
25. Bhuiya, M. M. K., Rasul, M. G., Khan, M. M. K., Ashwath, N., & Azad, A. K. (2016). Prospects of 2nd generation biodiesel as a sustainable fuel—Part: 1 selection of feedstocks, oil extraction techniques and conversion technologies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.2016; 55: 1109-1128.
26. Niju, S., Meera, K. M., Begum, S., & Anantharaman, N. . Modification of egg shell and its application in biodiesel production. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society.2014;18(5): 702-706.
27. Lee, S. L., Wong, Y. C., Tan, Y. P., & Yew, S. Y. . Transesterification of palm oil to biodiesel by using waste obtuse horn shell-derived CaO catalyst. Energy Conversion and Management.2015; 93: 282-288.
28. Teo, S. H., Rashid, U., Choong, S. T., & Taufiq-Yap, Y. H. . Heterogeneous calcium-based bimetallic oxide catalyzed transesterification of Elaeis guineensis derived triglycerides for biodiesel production. Energy Conversion and Management.2017; 141:20-27.
29. Shan, R., Zhao, C., Lv, P., Yuan, H., & Yao, J. . Catalytic applications of calcium rich waste materials for biodiesel: Current state and perspectives. Energy Conversion and Management2016; 127: 273-283.
30. Bennett, J. A., Wilson, K., & Lee, A. F. . Catalytic applications of waste derived materials. Journal of materials chemistry A.2016; 4(10): 3617-3637.
31. Laca, A., Laca, A., & Díaz, M. (2017). Eggshell waste as catalyst: A review. Journal of environmental management, 197, 351-359.
32. Roschat, W., Siritanon, T., Yoosuk, B., & Promarak, V. . Biodiesel production from palm oil using hydrated lime-derived CaO as a low-cost basic heterogeneous catalyst. Energy Conversion and Management.2016; 108: 459-467.
33. Atadashi, I. M., Aroua, M. K., Aziz, A. A., & Sulaiman, N. M. N.. The effects of catalysts in biodiesel production: A review. Journal of industrial and engineering chemistry2013; 19(1): 14-26.
34. Ataya, F., Dubé, M. A., & Ternan, M. . Acid-catalyzed transesterification of canola oil to biodiesel under single-and two-phase reaction conditions. Energy & Fuels.2007;21(4): 2450-2459.
35. Behçet, R.. Performance and emission study of waste anchovy fish biodiesel in a diesel engine. Fuel Processing Technology.2011; 92(6): 1187-1194.
36. Mikkola, H., Pahkala, K., & Ahokas, J. . Energy consumption in barley and turnip rape cultivation for bioethanol and biodiesel (RME) production. Biomass and bioenergy.2011; 35(1): 505-515.
37. Veljković, V. B., Lakićević, S. H., Stamenković, O. S., Todorović, Z. B., & Lazić, M. L. . Biodiesel production from tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) seed oil with a high content of free fatty acids. Fuel.2006; 85(17-18): 2671-2675.
38. Muthu, H., SathyaSelvabala, V., Varathachary, T. K., Kirupha Selvaraj, D., Nandagopal, J., & Subramanian, S. . Synthesis of biodiesel from neem oil using sulfated zirconia via tranesterification. Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering.2010; 27(4): 601-608.
39. Demirbas, A. . New liquid biofuels from vegetable oils via catalytic pyrolysis. Energy education science and technology.2008; 21(1-2): 1-59.
40. Silitonga, A. S., Atabani, A. E., Mahlia, T. M. I., Masjuki, H. H., Badruddin, I. A., & Mekhilef, S. . A review on prospect of Jatropha curcas for biodiesel in Indonesia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.2011;15(8): 3733-3756.
41. Lim, S., & Teong, L. K. . Recent trends, opportunities and challenges of biodiesel in Malaysia: an overview. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews2010; 14(3): 938-954.
42. Ragit, S. S., Mohapatra, S. K., Kundu, K., & Gill, P. . Optimization of neem methyl ester from transesterification process and fuel characterization as a diesel substitute. Biomass and bioenergy.2011; 35(3): 1138-1144.
43. Lin, L., Cunshan, Z., Vittayapadung, S., Xiangqian, S. and Mingdong, D., . Opportunities and challenges for biodiesel fuel. Applied energy.2011;88(4): pp.1020-1031.
44. Shahid, E. M., & Jamal, Y. . Production of biodiesel: a technical review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.2011; 15(9): 4732-4745.
45. Kafuku, G., & Mbarawa, M. . Biodiesel production from Croton megalocarpus oil and its process optimization. Fuel.2010; 89(9): 2556-2560.
46. Singh, S. P., & Singh, D. . Biodiesel production through the use of different sources and characterization of oils and their esters as the substitute of diesel: a review. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews.2010; 14(1): 200-216.
47. Karmakar, A., Karmakar, S., & Mukherjee, S. . Properties of various plants and animals feedstocks for biodiesel production. Bioresource technology.2010; 101(19): 7201-7210.
48. Kibazohi, O., & Sangwan, R. S. . Vegetable oil production potential from Jatropha curcas, Croton megalocarpus, Aleurites moluccana, Moringa oleifera and Pachira glabra: assessment of renewable energy resources for bio-energy production in Africa. Biomass and Bioenergy.2011; 35(3): 1352- 1356.
49. Balat, M. . Potential alternatives to edible oils for biodiesel production–A review of current work. Energy conversion and management.2011; 52(2): 1479-1492.
50. Ahmad, A. L., Yasin, N. M., Derek, C. J. C., & Lim, J. K. . Microalgae as a sustainable energy source for biodiesel production: a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.2011; 15(1): 584-593.
51. Usta, N., Öztürk, E., Can, Ö., Conkur, E. S., Nas, S., Con, A. H., … & Topcu, M. . Combustion of biodiesel fuel produced from hazelnut soapstock/waste sunflower oil mixture in a diesel engine. Energy conversion and management.2005; 46(5): 741-755.
52. Naik, S. N., Goud, V. V., Rout, P. K., & Dalai, A. K. Production of first and second generation biofuels: a comprehensive review. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews.2010; 14(2): 578- 597.
53. Deng, X., Fang, Z., Liu, Y. H., & Yu, C. L. Production of biodiesel from Jatropha oil catalyzed by nanosized solid basic catalyst. Energy.2011; 36(2): 777-784.
54. Gui, M.M., Lee, K.T. and Bhatia, S., Feasibility of edible oil vs. non-edible oil vs. waste edible oil as biodiesel feedstock. Energy.2008; 33(11): pp.1646-1653.
55. Knothe, G. Biodiesel and renewable diesel: a comparison. Progress in energy and combustion science.2010; 36(3): 364-373.
56. Sarin, R., Sharma, M., Sinharay, S., & Malhotra, R. K. . Jatropha–palm biodiesel blends: an optimum mix for Asia. Fuel.2007; 86(10-11): 1365-1371.
57. Jena, P. C., Raheman, H., Kumar, G. P., & Machavaram, R. . Biodiesel production from mixture of mahua and simarouba oils with high free fatty acids. Biomass and bioenergy.2010; 34(8): 1108- 1116.
58. Janaun, J., & Ellis, N. . Perspectives on biodiesel as a sustainable fuel. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,2010;14(4): 1312-1320.
59. Sarin, A., Arora, R., Singh, N. P., Sarin, R., Malhotra, R. K., & Kundu, K. . Effect of blends of Palm-Jatropha-Pongamia biodiesels on cloud point and pour point. Energy.2009;34(11): 2016- 2021.
60. Balat, M., & Balat, H. . Progress in biodiesel processing. Applied energy.2010; 87(6): 1815-1835.
61. Demirbas, A. (2008). Biodiesel (pp. 111-119). Springer London.
62. Canakci, M., & Sanli, H. . Biodiesel production from various feedstocks and their effects on the fuel properties. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology.2008; 35(5): 431-441.
63. Parawira, W. . Biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas: A review. Scientific Research and Essays.2010; 5(14): 1796-1808.
64. Yusuf, N.N.A.N., Kamarudin, S.K. and Yaakub, Z., . Overview on the current trends in biodiesel production. Energy conversion and management.2011; 52(7): pp.2741-2751.
65. Agarwal, A. K. . Biofuels (alcohols and biodiesel) applications as fuels for internal combustion engines. Progress in energy and combustion science.2007; 33(3): 233-271.
66. Chauhan, B. S., Kumar, N., Du Jun, Y., & Lee, K. B. . Performance and emission study of preheated Jatropha oil on medium capacity diesel engine. Energy.2010; 35(6): 2484-2492.
67. Shahid, E. M., & Jamal, Y. . Production of biodiesel: a technical review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.2011; 15(9): 4732-4745.
68. Sharma, Y. C., & Singh, B. . Development of biodiesel from karanja, a tree found in rural India. Fuel.2008; 87(8-9): 1740-1742.
69. Guerreiro, L., Castanheiro, J. E., Fonseca, I. M., Martin-Aranda, R. M., Ramos, A. M., & Vital, J.. Transesterification of soybean oil over sulfonic acid functionalised polymeric membranes. Catalysis Today.2006; 118(1-2): 166-171.
70. Wang, Y., Ou, S., Liu, P., & Zhang, Z. . Preparation of biodiesel from waste cooking oil via twostep catalyzed process. Energy conversion and management2007; 48(1): 184-188.
71. Sahoo, P. K., Das, L. M., Babu, M. K. G., & Naik, S. N. . Biodiesel development from high acid value polanga seed oil and performance evaluation in a CI engine. Fuel.2007; 86(3): 448-454.
72. Ramadhas, A. S., Jayaraj, S., & Muraleedharan, C. Biodiesel production from high FFA rubber seed oil. Fuel.2005; 84(4): 335-340.
73. Ghadge, S. V., & Raheman, H. . Biodiesel production from mahua (Madhuca indica) oil having high free fatty acids. Biomass and bioenergy.2005;28(6): 601-605.
74. Tiwari, A. K., Kumar, A., & Raheman, H. . Biodiesel production from jatropha oil (Jatropha curcas) with high free fatty acids: an optimized process. Biomass and bioenergy.2007; 31(8): 569-575.
75. Mahanta, P., & Shrivastava. A.2004. Technology development of bio-diesel as an energy alternative.https://www.scirp.org/(S(lz5mqp453edsnp55rrgjct55))/reference/ReferencesPapers.asp x?ReferenceID=2597892 . 2021.
76. Meher, L. C., Sagar, D. V., & Naik, S. N. . Technical aspects of biodiesel production by transesterification—a review. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews.2006;10(3):248-268.
77. Jain, S., & Sharma, M. P. . Prospects of biodiesel from Jatropha in India: a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.2010; 14(2): 763-771.
78. Marchetti, J. M., Miguel, V. U., & Errazu, A. F. Possible methods for biodiesel production. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews.2007; 11(6): 1300-1311.
79. Gog, A., Roman, M., Toşa, M., Paizs, C., & Irimie, F. D. (2012). Biodiesel production using enzymatic transesterification–current state and perspectives. Renewable energy.2012; 39(1): 10- 16.
80. Rodrigues, R. C., Ortiz, C., Berenguer-Murcia, Á., Torres, R., & Fernández-Lafuente, R. (2013). Modifying enzyme activity and selectivity by immobilization. Chemical Society Reviews.2013; 42(15): 6290-6307.
81. Aguieiras, E. C., Cavalcanti-Oliveira, E. D., & Freire, D. M. . Current status and new developments of biodiesel production using fungal lipases. Fuel.2015; 159: 52-67.
82. Yin, J. Z., Xiao, M., & Song, J. B. . Biodiesel from soybean oil in supercritical methanol with cosolvent. Energy Conversion and Management.2008; 49(5): 908-912.
83. Son, J., Kim, B., Park, J., Yang, J., & Lee, J. W. . Wet in situ transesterification of spent coffee grounds with supercritical methanol for the production of biodiesel. Bioresource technology.2018; 259: 465-468.
84. Alenezi, R., Leeke, G. A., Winterbottom, J. M., Santos, R. C. D., & Khan, A. R. . Esterification kinetics of free fatty acids with supercritical methanol for biodiesel production. Energy Conversion and Management.2010; 51(5): 1055-1059.
85. Sanford, S., White, J., Shah, P., Wee, C., Valverde, M., & Meier, G. (2009). Feedstock and biodiesel characteristics report. Ames, IA: Renewable Energy Group.
86. Ehimen, E. A., Sun, Z. F., & Carrington, C. G. . Variables affecting the in situ transesterification of microalgae lipids. Fuel.2010; 89(3): 677-684.
87. Parlak, A., Karabas, H., Ayhan, V., Yasar, H., Soyhan, H. S., & Ozsert, I. . Comparison of the variables affecting the yield of tobacco seed oil methyl ester for KOH and NaOH catalysts. Energy & Fuels.2009; 23(4): 1818-1824.
88. Murugesan, A., Umarani, C., Chinnusamy, T. R., Krishnan, M., Subramanian, R., & Neduzchezhain, N. . Production and analysis of bio-diesel from non-edible oils—a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.2009; 13(4): 825-834.
89. Khan, N. A., & el Dessouky, H. . Prospect of biodiesel in Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2009; 13(6-7): 1576-1583.
90. Noshadi, I., Amin, N. A. S., & Parnas, R. S. . Continuous production of biodiesel from waste cooking oil in a reactive distillation column catalyzed by solid heteropolyacid: optimization using response surface methodology (RSM). Fuel. 2012;94: 156-164.
91. Knothe, G., & Steidley, K. R. A comparison of used cooking oils: a very heterogeneous feedstock for biodiesel. Bioresource technology.2009; 100(23): 5796-5801.
92. Hossain, A. B. M. S., Nasrulhaq, B. A., Salleh, A., & Chandran, S. (2010). Biodiesel production from waste soybean oil biomass as renewable energy and environmental recycled process. African Journal of Biotechnology.2010; 9(27): 4233-4240.
93. Refaat, A. A. Different techniques for the production of biodiesel from waste vegetable oil. International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology.2010;7(1): 183-213.
94. Highina, B. K., Bugaje, I. M., & Umar, B. Biodiesel production from Jatropha caucus oil in a batch reactor using zinc oxide as catalyst. Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels.2011; 2(9): 146-149.
95. Chen, K. S., Lin, Y. C., Hsu, K. H., & Wang, H. K. Improving biodiesel yields from waste cooking oil by using sodium methoxide and a microwave heating system. Energy.2012; 38(1): 151-156.
96. Devanesan, M. G., Viruthagiri, T., & Sugumar, N. Transesterification of Jatropha oil using immobilized Pseudomonas fluorescens. African Journal of biotechnology.2007; 6(21).
97. Ahmad, M., Ahmed, S., Ul-Hassan, F., Arshad, M., Khan, M. A., Zafar, M., & Sultana, S. Base catalyzed transesterification of sunflower oil biodiesel. African Journal of Biotechnology.2010; 9(50): 8630-8635.
98. El Sherbiny, S.A., Refaat, A.A. and El Sheltawy, S.T . Production of biodiesel using the microwave technique. Journal of Advanced Research.2010; 1(4): pp.309-314.
99. Mathiyazhagan, M., Ganapathi, A., Jaganath, B., Renganayaki, N., & Sasireka, N. . Production of biodiesel from non-edible plant oils having high FFA content. International Journal of Chemical and Environmental Engineering.2011; 2(2).
100. Adeyemi, N. A., Mohiuddin, A., & Jameel, T. Waste cooking oil transesterification: influence of impeller type, temperature, speed and bottom clearance on FAME yield. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2011; 10(44);8914-8929.


Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 7
Issue 1
Received August 2, 2021
Accepted September 2, 2021
Published September 4, 2021