International Journal of Genetic Engineering and Recombination

Editors Overview

ijger maintains an Editorial Board of practicing researchers from around the world, to ensure manuscripts are handled by editors who are experts in the field of study.

Open Access
Special Issue

Ethical Issues of Genetic Engineering in Crops.

Abstract Submission Deadline : November 30, 2023

Manuscript Submission Deadline : December 25, 2023

Special Issue Description

The Nuffield Council on Bioethics (NCOB) has published two reports on the social and ethical issues raised by the use of genetically modified crops (1999 and 2004). Their main ethical arguments are summarised in this presentation. Five ethical concerns have been raised about GM crops: potential harm to human health, potential environmental damage, negative impact on traditional farming practices, excessive corporate dominance, and the technology unnaturalness. The NCOB examined these claims in light of the principles of general human welfare, human rights preservation, and justice. In terms of unnaturalness, it concluded that GM modification did not differ from conventional breeding in such a way that it is morally objectionable in and of itself. However, the potential for significant benefits in developing countries (improved nutrition, improved pest resistance, increased yields, and new products) meant that there was an ethical obligation to responsibly explore these potential benefits to contribute to poverty reduction, improve food security, and profitable agriculture in developing countries. The NCOB concluded that these findings were consistent with any reasonable precautionary approach. In particular, when taking a precautionary approach, the risks associated with the status quo, as well as any risks inherent in the technology, must be considered. These ethical requirements have implications for technology governance, specific mechanisms for allowing small-scale farmers to express their preferences for traits selected by plant breeders, and mechanisms for the diffusion of risk-based evaluations.


Genetic, Genetic Engineering, GM modification, NCOB, Bioethics

Manuscript Submission information

Manuscripts should be submitted online via the manuscript Engine. Once you register on APID, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline.
All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the email address:[email protected] for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a Double-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for the submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page.

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