Kuldeep Kumar,

-STM Journals Subject: Architecture Published on: 2023-02-15 07:29 Volume: 1219, Issue: 1216 Keyworde:Facility management, facility manager, fire & life safety, fire safety management, and hospitals Full Text PDF Submit Manuscript Journals


Hospitals are significant buildings where people receive medical care around-the-clock. An internal hazard like a fire is more disruptive and puts more pressure on hospital authorities to ensure the safety of the patients and visitors who are unfamiliar building and the procedures to follow in case of a fire. In order to keep the patients safe in the event of a fire, every healthcare facility needs to have a plan in place. Building fire safety has become a major concern as a result of the fact that the current fire protection systems do not fully address all current fire hazards. Facility Management is beneficial in this instance. Through scheduled and periodic maintenance, facility management keeps places in good working order. The strategy used when providing services might range from offering entirely individualized services to offering services that are universally applicable. Each facility is reliant on the others, and each service is interdependent to each other. Standardization will place a focus on dependability, lowering defects, and saving costs within services. Numerous factors affect how well fire safety is managed, but the fundamental problem is that different services lack consistent procedures. This study proposes guidelines & recommendations that can be incorporated in the contractual obligations during the award of facility management services which can be instrumental for enhancing the fire and life safety of the building.

Keyworde: Facility management, facility manager, fire & life safety, fire safety management, and hospitals


  1. National Building Code of India Part 4 Fire and Life Safety Bureau of Indian Standards [Internet]. [cited 2023 Feb 6]. Available from: 2018/09/NBC2016-Part-IV.pdf
  2. Dasgupta, R., Solanki, S. K. & V.K.Paul, 2021. Postpandemic impact on planning on district hospitals of India. International Journal of Built Environment and Asset Management, pp. 162–182.
  3. Kappor, E., Solanki, S. K. & Paul, V., 2022. Cost benefit analysis for rehabilitation of buildings: case of Indian Medical Association, New Delhi. International Journal of Structural Engineering, pp. 340–357.
  4. Patharla, S. S. R., Pyreddy, S. R. & S. N. P., 2020. A study on reported fire incidents in major hospitals of India. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health, pp. 3896–3906.
  5. Copal Publishing | Copal Publishing [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2023 Feb 6]. Available from:
  6. Muthma S, Nasution I, Muslim F, Latief Y. Evaluation of the Implementation of Fire Safety Management Based on Work Breakdown Structure for High-Rise Apartments [Internet]. Available from:
  7. Effectiveness of Amendment of GCC on Claims by CPWD in 2019 [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2023 Feb 6]. Available from:
  8. Kumar, K. & Paul, V. K., 2022. A Critical Review of Risk Factors and Reliability Assessment Issues of Fire and Life Safety in Buildings. Nicmar Journal Of Construction Management, XxxviI(III), pp. 23–33.
  9. Paul, V. K., Basu, C., Rastogi, A. & Kumar, K., 2022. Status of Fire Safety in Healthcare Facilities in India. International Journal of Architecture and Infrastructure Planning;, 8(1), pp. 1–11.
  10. Paul, V. & Kumar, K., 2021. Risk and reliability assessment of fire and life safety in buildings- a case of healthcare building. New Delhi, India: FIREINDIA.
  11. Marmo R, Nicolella M, Polverino F, Tibaut A. A methodology for a performance information model to support facility management. Sustainability. 2019 Dec 8;11(24):7007.
  12. Chapter-7 fire protection and fire safety requirements [Internet]. Available from:
  13. Grover, S., Kumar, K., Batra, R. & Paul, V. K., 2023. Reliability of Audit Procedures for Life and Fire Safety in Institutional Occupancy Building. Research & Reviews: Journal of Architectural Designing, 4(3), pp. 1–13.
  14. Prajapati, G., Kumar, K., Batra, R. & Paul, V. K., 2023. Scenario Based Assessment of Smoke Detector Reliability to Mitigate the Associated Risk. Research & Reviews: Journal of Architectural Designing;, 4(3), pp. 1–14.
    15. Naziah Muhamad Salleh, N. A. A. S. M. J., 2020. Fire safety management of public buildings: a systematic review of hospital buildings in Asia. Fire safety management of public buildings, pp. 497–511.
  15. Das S, Rastogi A, Kumar K. Applicability of Risk Assessment Tools and Techniques for a Construction Project [Internet]. ResearchGate. unknown; 2022 [cited 2023 Feb 6]. Available from:
  16. Jim Baker, D. S., 2013. Categorisation of fire safety management: Results of a Delphi Panel. Fire Safety Journal, pp. 37–46.
  17. Sreekumar A, Kumar Paul V, Solanki S, Dua S. Sustainable Retrofit for Adaptive Building Reuse- A Facility Management Approach for Highlighting and Cataloguing Deficiencies for Retrofit Decision Making. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Innovative Research [Internet]. 2022;2(2):21–37. Available from: 2apr2022/Paper%204_Aiswarya.pdf