Water reservoir engineering and management

Year : 2024 | Volume :11 | Issue : 01 | Page : 1-12

Carlos Armenta-Déu,

  1. Professor Department of Matter Structure, Thermal Physics and Electronics, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain


This work aims to develop a practical system to store water in times of abundance and reuse it in times of scarcity. The proposed system uses natural caves, caverns, or empty underground spaces from mining or oil or gas extraction to store water. The geological structure of the water reservoir should be a non-porous substrate to avoid leakage. Water collection comes from dam discharge during thaw times or river flooding, raising the basins or reservoirs level above their capacity limit. The system engineering requires water pipes to the storage location, which reduces the system viability to the nearby area where natural caverns or empty underground spaces exist; nevertheless, the pipeline network can cover long distances if necessary using abandoned pipelines or building new ones parallel to the existing network. The collected water is recovered by pumping and distributed to water-scarce areas through the pipeline network. The simulation shows that the process is feasible and reliable regarding water supply. The system is scalable to small underground spaces or artificial containers. The simulation provides the underground reservoir autonomy as a function of engineering design parameters, fluid characteristics, environmental conditions, and human water demand. The simulation concludes that the underground reservoir has an autonomy of 1 to 37 days depending on rainfall average rate, human water and energy demand, and population.

Keywords: Water reservoir. Water management. Pipeline engineering.

[This article belongs to Journal of Water Resource Engineering and Management(jowrem)]

How to cite this article: Carlos Armenta-Déu. Water reservoir engineering and management. Journal of Water Resource Engineering and Management. 2024; 11(01):1-12.
How to cite this URL: Carlos Armenta-Déu. Water reservoir engineering and management. Journal of Water Resource Engineering and Management. 2024; 11(01):1-12. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jowrem/article=2024/view=150699


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Regular Issue Subscription Original Research
Volume 11
Issue 01
Received May 8, 2024
Accepted May 14, 2024
Published May 15, 2024