- Student, Department of Biotechnology, Multanimal Modi (P.G.) College, Uttar Pradesh, India
The “water-gas shift reaction” is a process that combines the vapour and carbon monoxide to produce carbon dioxide and more hydrogen. Steam reforming of actual bio-oil is a more realistic method for producing H2 despite substantial research on the heat reform of model compounds (such as ethanol). With a focus on the creation of catalysts for the procedure, this paper covers current developments in the steam reforming of actual bio-oil. Given its strong activity for cleaving C-C and C-H bonds among the examined catalysts, Ni is seen as promising. A cheap production cost is an additional benefit. Reduced carbon deposition, methane inhibition, and the encouragement of water gas reactions are three methods for enhancing catalyst performance. To shed light on the connection of catalysts structure and performance and provide direction for the design of high-performing bio-oil steam reforming catalysts, a discussion of the current knowledge of the catalyzed reaction and catalyst deactivation is also included in this review. In this study, several Ni/ATC (Atapulgite Clay) catalysts produced by precipitation, impregnation, and mechanical blending processes were used to examine catalysis steam reforming acetic acid obtained from the aqueous component of bio-oil towards hydrogen production. XRD, N2 adsorption-desorption, TEM, and H2-TPR were used to analyses the new and reduced catalysts. The extensive results showed that the precipitation approach used to make the Ni/ATC catalyst considerably increased the interaction between the active metallic Ni and the ATC carrier and produced the maximum metal dispersion when compared to other methods. Through the steam distillation of acetic acid at different temperature in a corrected reactor at atmospheric pressure, the three catalysts’ catalytic performance was assessed.
Keywords: hydrogen, attapulgite clay, Catalytic, environmental pollution, exploitation
[This article belongs to International Journal of Renewable Energy and its Commercialization(ijrec)]
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|Received||August 10, 2022|
|Accepted||August 16, 2022|
|Published||August 18, 2022|