Effect of Energy, Lysine and Energy/Lysine Ratio on Growth Performance Nutrient Digestibility and Serum Profile of Growing Locally Adapted Turkey

Year : 2023 | Volume : 01 | Issue : 01 | Page : 1-8

    Akinsuyi M.A.

  1. Fatufe A.A.

  1. Researcher, Department of Agricultural Technology, Ekiti State Polytechnic, Isan Ekiti
  2. Researcher, Department of Agricultural Technology, Obafemi Awolowo University,, Ile-Ife, Nigeria


This study investigated the effects of different levels of energy, lysine and energy/lysine ratios on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and serum biochemical indices of Locally Adapted turkeys. The experiment lasted for 28 days. A total of one hundred and fourty-four, 4-weeks old locally adapted turkey poults were completely randomized to six dietary treatments in a 2×3 factorial arrangement, replicated twice at 12 poults per replicate. Six diets were formulated. Diets 1 to 3 contained 2900 kcal/kg ME (12.14 MJ/kg ME) while diets 4 to 6 contained 3000 kcal/kg ME (12.56 MJ/kg ME). The dietary lysine levels at the different energy levels are 13.50 g/kg, 15.00 g/kg and 16.1 g/kg respectively at 260 g/kg CP level. The resultant energy/lysine (E/Lys) ratios of diets 1 to 6 were 9:1, 8.1:1, 7.5:1, 9.3:1, 8.4:1 and 7.8:1 respectively. The daily feed intake and FCR of locally adapted turkeys were significantly (P<0.05) influenced by energy × lysine interaction. There was significant (P0.05) of energy, lysine, energy/lysine ratio and energy × lysine interaction on the final body weight (g/bird) and daily weight gain (g/bird) across all dietary treatments. There was significant (P<0.05) effect of energy on crude fibre (%) and ether extract digestibility. There were significant (P<0.05) lysine, energy/lysine ratio and energy × lysine interaction effects on the serum creatinine level of locally adapted turkeys in this study. Turkeys on energy level 3000 kcal/kg ME (12.56 MJ/kg ME), lysine level 15.00 g/kg, and E/Lys ratio 8.4:1 had the highest final body weight (1205.40 g/bird), daily weight gain (30.05 g/bird) and feed intake (56.77 g/bird).

Keywords: Locally adapted, nutrient requirements, energy/lysine ratio, poults, lysine, energy

[This article belongs to International Journal of Biochemistry and Biomolecule Research(ijbbr)]

How to cite this article: Akinsuyi M.A., Fatufe A.A. Effect of Energy, Lysine and Energy/Lysine Ratio on Growth Performance Nutrient Digestibility and Serum Profile of Growing Locally Adapted Turkey ijbbr 2023; 01:1-8
How to cite this URL: Akinsuyi M.A., Fatufe A.A. Effect of Energy, Lysine and Energy/Lysine Ratio on Growth Performance Nutrient Digestibility and Serum Profile of Growing Locally Adapted Turkey ijbbr 2023 {cited 2023 Jan 31};01:1-8. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijbbr/article=2023/view=106810/

Full Text


  1. Dariusz Mikulski, Katarzyna Ognik, Marzena Mikulska and Jan Jankowski (2022). Different dietary ratios of arginine, methionine and lysine for turkeys: effects on whole-body composition and nutrient utilization efficiency in the early growth stage. Anim. Sci., Vol. 22, No. 4 (2022) 1341–1350
  2. Lemme, A., Frackenpohl, U. Petri, A. and Meyer, H. (2004). Effects of reduced dietary protein concentration with amino acids supplementation on performance and carcass quality in turkey toms 14 to 140 days of age. International Journal of Poultry Science. 3(6):391–399.
  3. Café, M. B. & Waldroup, P. W. (2006). Interactions between levels of methionine and lysine in broiler diets changed at typical industry intervals. International Journal of Poultry Science, 5: 1008–1015.
  4. Aduku AO. Tropical feedstuff analysis table. Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria. 1993;4.
  5. National Research Council. Nutrient requirements of poultry: 1994. National Academies Press; 1994 Feb 1.
  6. Olomu JM. Monogastric animal nutrition: Principles and practice. A Jachem Publication, Benin City, Nigeria. 1995:112–8.
  7. Waldroup, P. W., Fritts, C. A., Kersey, J. H., Saleh, B. J., Kerr, E. A. and Kidd, M. T. (2003). Evaluation of Crude Protein Needs for Large White Male Turkeys from 16 to 20 Weeks of Age. International Journal of Poultry Science. 2 (1): 15–18.
  8. Oso A.O., Williams G.A., Oluwatosin O.O., Bamgbose A.M., Adebayo A.O., Olowofeso O., Pirgozliev V., Adegbenjo A.A., Osho S.O., Alabi J.O., Li F., Liu H., Yao K., Xin W. (2017). Effect of dietary supplementation with arginine on haematological indices, serum chemistry, carcass yield, gut microflora, and lymphoid organs of growing turkeys. Liv. Sci., 198: 58–64.
  9. Belloir P., Lessire M., Lambert W., Corrent E., Berri C., Tesseraud S. (2019). Changes in body composition and meat quality in response to dietary amino acid provision in finishing broilers. Animal, 13: 1094–1102.
  10. Ognik K., Całyniuk Z., Mikulski D., Stępniowska A., Konieczka P., Jankowski J. (2021). The effect of different dietary ratios of lysine, arginine and methionine on biochemical parameters and hormone secretion in turkeys. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr., 105:108–118.
  11. Ognik K, Konieczka P, Mikulski D, Jankowski J. The effect of different dietary ratios of lysine and arginine in diets with high or low methionine levels on oxidative and epigenetic DNA damage, the gene expression of tight junction proteins and selected metabolic parameters in Clostridium perfringens-challenged turkeys. Veterinary research. 2020 Dec;51(1):1–4.
  12. Pohland A. Validated Analytical Methods–AOAC’s Experience Over 100 Years. Chemistry International–Newsmagazine for IUPAC. 2002 May 1;24(3):6–7.
  13. SAS, 2008. SAS Users Guide Statistics, SAS for windows, SAS Inc. Cary, North Califonia, 2008 edition.
  14. Erener, G., Ocak, N. Ozturk E. and Ozdas A. (2003). Effect of different choice feeding methods based on whole wheat on performance of male broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Science Technolology 106:131–138
  15. Adikari, A.M.J.B., W.A.D. Nayananjalle, J. Xu and E.J. Smith (2016). Phenotypic variations of Growth and Reproduction performance among Turkeys (Meleagrisgallopavo).Asia Journal of Poultry Science. 10:86–95
  16. Konieczka P, Mikulski D, Ognik K, Juśkiewicz J, Zduńczyk Z, Jankowski J. Increased dietary inclusion levels of lysine are more effective than arginine in supporting the functional status of the gut in growing turkeys. Animals. 2021 Aug 9;11(8):2351.
  17. Thompson K. A., Baker K. A. and Firman J. D. (2005). Digestible Lysine Requirements of Hen Turkeys from 6 to 12 Weeks of Age. International Journal of Poultry Science 4 (9): 639–644
  18. Veldkamp, T. R., Kwakkel, R. Ferket, P. Kogut, J. and Verstegen, M. (2003). Growth responses to dietary lysine at high and low ambient temperature in male turkeys. Poultry Science. 82:1733–1746.
  19. Penaranda-ali, f., r. santos-ricalde., L.sarmiento-franco., J.segura-orrea & M.gutierrez-triay. (2010). Effect of Dietary Protein and Lysine on Performance and Carcass Yield of Turkeys. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Science 5 (1): 27–32
  20. Adegbenjo A. A., Oluwatosin O. O., Osinowo O. A., Oso A. O., Sogunle O. M., Fafiolu A. O., Jegede A. V. and Lala A. O. (2020). J. Anim. Prod. 2020, 47(2):100–106
  21. Alimuddin N. Animal Nutrition Training Manual. AKF Kabul–Afghanistan. 2000.
  22. Allen, P. J. (2012). ”Creatine metabolism and psychiatric disorders: Does dreatine supplementation have therapeutic value”? Neurosci Biobehav Rev 36 (5): 1442–62.
  23. Jahanian R. and Khalifeh-Gholi M. (2018). Marginal deficiencies of dietary arginine and methionine could suppress growth performance and immunological responses in broiler chickens. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr., 109: 11–20.

Regular Issue Subscription Original Research
Volume 01
Issue 01
Received December 31, 2022
Accepted January 11, 2023
Published January 31, 2023